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Maintenance of Natural Resources

       To cooperate with the government’s “Healthy Taiwan” policy, TSC actively engages in the afforestation and greening of Taiwan. As of 2018, the afforestation tending area in Taichung, Changhua, Yunlin, Chiayi, Tainan, Kaohsiung, Pingtung, Hualien and Taitung totaled 12,286.35 hectares, including 498.41 hectares of afforestation by the public, 387.89 hectares of eco-friendly parks, 509.42 hectares of afforestation at the planters’ expense and 10,890.63 hectares of afforestation on the flatland. According to the calculation method proposed by the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), afforestation can facilitate 183,067 tons of carbon dioxide sequestration annually.

Ecological Maintenance Project in MASADIFOREST, Hualien

      It has been 10 years since the establishment of the flatland forest in MASADIFOREST. The native trees planted have become a forest crossing the East Rift Valley, connecting the Coastal Mountains and the Central Mountain Range. Long-term investigations have found that this area is rich in ecology. To assist the park in implementing the proposed objectives of “local culture, ecological sustainability, recreation and livelihood and energy conservation and carbon reduction” to move toward sustainable development, MASADIFOREST in Guangfu Township in Hualien County was officially open on May 21, 2011, making it the first successfully recovered flatland forest and the most accessible forest in Taiwan. The development of the park is divided into two cultures (sugar culture and aboriginal culture) and two ecological systems (low-carbon ecotourism and ecological conservation). The overall planning is based on the principles of ecology, energy conservation, carbon reduction and health to create a low-density, green building design oriented and diversified ecotourism area.

      After its official opening, MASADIFOREST conducted its first survey on the biological resources in the whole park area in all seasons at the beginning of 2012. The initial stage is to focus on the dragonflies, butterflies, birds, amphibians, reptiles and mammals to establish a baseline database of biodiversity in the park to serve as a reference for the sustainable management of the park. After one-year survey conducted by Taiwan Forestry Research Institute, in addition to the afforestation sites that can provide habitats for animals, the existing pools, paddy fields, river courses, ditches and the areas after fallow are also important animal habitats, making MASADIFOREST a park with true biodiversity.

Aogu Wetland in Dongshi Township, Chiayi

      There are a large number of migratory birds and aquatic birds in Aogu Wetland. Besides, it is near tourist attractions like Gangko Temple of Bungang Port and Dongshi Fishing Harbor, rich in environmental educational significance. Aogu Wetland is planned to be developed into a wetland park and the affiliated Dongshi Farm was planned to serve as a wildlife reserve. Among it, 1,462 hectares of land was planned as a flatland forest park by the Forestry Bureau (including 664 hectares of land proclaimed by COA as a habitat for wildlife and 512.1 hectares of national important wetland proclaimed by Ministry of Interior).

      Currently, Aogu Wetland is the largest flatland forest park in Taiwan. It has a variety of ecological environment and habitat patterns including wetland, sandbars, fish farms, afforestation areas and agricultural areas, and is also an important wintering area for migratory birds. There are as many as 259 species of birds (including 96 species of migratory birds and 46 species of birds in conservation), amphibians and reptiles, creatures of the night, benthods and other wild animals that inhabit and breed here, making it a place rich in environmental educational significance. The Forestry Bureau cooperated with Chiayi University to carry out bird monitoring and establish the monitoring system in Aogu Wetland Forest Park.  

      To maintain the ecological environment of Aogu Wetland, currently the herbicide has been completely prohibited in the whole area of Dongshi Farm. Vehicle control is also adopted to control cars entering and leaving the forest area and fishermen in the wetland waters are also actively advised to leave the area so as to maintain the eco-friendly management of land and ensure fire safety in the forest area. Starting from 2017, we have arranged eco-environmental education events for employees in all operation units to go to Aogu Coastline area in Chiayi and assigned designated areas for them to conduct beach cleaning. Garbage collected was classified, gathered and stacked in the designated area and weighed. During 2017-2018, a total of 2,005 people conducted 36 times of beach cleaning, and 7.25 tons of garbage has been cleared. 

Jacana Ecological Education Park in Guantien

      Hydrophasianus chirurgus , also named pheasant-tailed jacana has been classified as the Class IIRare and Valuable Species in 1989 by COA. In 2014, it officially became the city bird of Tainan City. The breeding population used to drop to below 50 and the species faced a crisis of extinction.  After coordination, Tainan City Government rented TSC’s property at Fanzitian Section No. 767 and others with a total of eight pieces of land, with the area of approximately 15 hectares to establish the Jacana Ecological Education Park in Guantien, creating a pond-based breeding area for pheasant-tailed jacana. Plants such as rhizomes, lotuses, alfalfa and water lily are planted in the pond. Due to the effective effects of restoration of the habitats, the number of pheasant-tailed jacana fledglings increased steadily. So far, the number of adult birds is 101, the number of nests is 129, that of eggs is 418, that of the hatched is 144, and that of fledglings is 90. 

Haifeng Wetland

      Haifeng Wetland is located near the Chonglan Jiuzhen (canal) in Haifeng Area. Pingtung County Government rented the 13.74-hectare land from TSC and planned a primary sedimentation tank, natural purification channels and a 6-hectare ecological pond as the means of purifying the water quality of Chonglan Jiuzhen (canal), injecting water into the old waters. Haifeng Wetland is rich in ecological species. A variety of water birds and insects coexist in this symbiotic relationship. In addition to the aquatic plants that purify water quality, willow trees are also planted by the ecological pond. The bright and open natural scenery is like a land without pollution. Take a deep breath and close your eyes, this place is undoubtedly an ecological paradise to all.

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